www.per-olof.dk | Splint
baskets and how they arrived in Denmark
Overview gallery 1-2-3 | Splint basket gallery1 | Splint basket gallery2 | Splint basket gallery3
|The kind of basket I am talking about, in English is
called a splint basket, in Danish spånkurv, and
in Swedish spånkorg and Finnish pärekori
or pärtkorg. A splint-basket is made of 4-10 cm
broad splints of pine which are plaited and collected by
some kind of nails with two rims, inside and outside, and
provided with a handle.
In Danish but many pictures:
With permission from the author this
articles from www exist printed in The Basketmakers`
Associaciation Newsletter, Number 80, February 1997.
Thanks to Denise Scott Fears.
tid med spånkurve
[An Era with Splint Baskets],
134 pages Finally its here! A report on the splint
basket's origin, production and people behind!
Go to [Baskets in Denmark] 'Kurve i Danmark' on facebook....
If you want more about baskets after this, then drop in on Baskets, Etc. which have lots of links.
Many links too at Pileforeningen, Denmark
At the homepage of Vissingaard, Denmark, you can see pictures from earlier exibitions.
You can find links to Swedish splint baskets at the homepage of Jonas Hasselrot - and to his own baskets of course.
Danish broadcast DR P4 august 15, 2008, 15.24 Vi besøger kurvemuseet i Lönsboda.
Both Danish and Swedish speak.Ups! The picture is Lisbeth and NOT 'Birthe'!!
Looking for chair seats repair? Try Thomas Bruun Olsen, Denmark
Lot of pages on this subject... Factory-Made Machine-Cut Veneer Splint Baskets
Baskets in the USA near to splint baskets.
Wooden baskets "Made in China"
Other baskets in Picasa Albums
Kurvesommer_09 [Basket summer 2009]
Flet til alle tider - Kurveudstilling Moesgaard 2007 [Exebition 2007]
Other baskets in Flickr
A flickr collection: Baskets of all kinds
|Pilefestival Sjælland 2010 [Willow Festival]|
|Ella Fitzgerald: Looking for a little yellow basket||
"Which of them is it Ella?'
Awards to this site....!
|The history of baskets starts, I
usually say, with Adam and Eve: In Paradise Eve learned
to plait her hair, and in the same way she made a basket
so she could transport fruit to the place where Adam and
she usually slept. Perhaps the basket was the only thing
they took with them out of Paradise. In any case, they
took the idea with them, and so culture was born. Since
then, baskets have existed in many shapes, made of many
kinds of materials. I live in Denmark, but my ancestors
came from southern Sweden, from whence they brought a
special kind of basket to Denmark. My family settled here
and, contrary to custom, made the baskets here instead of
importing them from Sweden. The kind of basket I am
talking about, in English is called a splint-basket, and
in Danish spånkurv. A splint-basket is made of
4-10 cm broad splints of pine which are plaited and
collected by some kind of nails with two rims, inside and
outside, and provided with a handle. Before 1960 it was
the cheapest basket to use in the house and in the
garden. Nowadays in Europe that kind of splint basket is
produced in large quantities in Poland, and you can buy
them both in Sweden and Denmark. They are made to be sold
cheaply, so the handle is poorly made, but the ground
material, the pine-splints, is often very strong. There
is no one in Denmark who produces this kind of basket
today, or does so only as a hobby, I presume. But, in
Sweden you find basket-makers who are still going strong.
Not in the old fashion way, however, because today we
expect these baskets to be handicraft. So they use much
more care, and these baskets are not cheap!
In the Dalarne region in Sweden, 200 km north of Stockholm, they started in about 1830 to make splint baskets, perhaps inspired by the Finnish baskets. I have recently discovered a fresco dating from about 1520 in the curch of Rasbokil in Uppland, Sweden, where you can see 12 splint baskets of the Finnish type which illustrate Matthew Chapter 14 v 19-21. So far as I know, this is the earliest evidence of the existence of splint baskets.
The parish Våmhus is the main place
for the production in Dalarne. The baskets were made at
home and sold around Sweden, especially in Stockholm.
Often makers brought the raw materials with them. Several
people would work together, but only one person made the
whole basket. In about 1845 this inspired a person in the
southern part of Sweden, and production started there. In
contrast to Dalarne, the production in Skåne was
rationalized. The main place for this production was a
parish called Örkened, maintown Lönsboda, today a part
of Osby District. This will also explain the difference
between the handicraft of the north and the industry of
the south: 1. In Skåne they made the
splints with a plane, where in Dalarne they used a knife
and split the wood along the grain. 2. In Skåne
they used a nailing machine to fasten the inner and outer
rims and the handle, whereas in Dalarne they tied it up
with a narrow splint, or fastened it by hammering in
nails.Handles were made by starting at one end of the
wood to make three or four splints, which you do not
split free at the other end. This will allow you to bow
the handle and place first the one end in the side of the
basket and nail it, and then the other end in the
opposite side and nail this. 3. 1
and 2 gave the division of labour which
made mass production possible.
Even the basket makers of Skåne
wandered around northern Europe selling the baskets in
Denmark, Norway, Germany,and England.
The days of glory for the splint-baskets was the period 1890-1950, when millions of splint- baskets were produced and sold. From 1902-1970 the main part of the Danish-produced splint baskets were produced in Lillerød. Many splint-baskets were imported from Skåne, without the handle. The handle was then obtained in Denmark through a dealer. The custom-duties were less on the baskets as semi-manufactured, and the transportation was easier. In this way we had three competitors, Persson in Copenhagen, Elmose and later his son-in-law Gertsen in Aarhus, Jutland, and the son of Elmose in Odense, Fuen. In about 1950 we and they together provided the Danish market with at least one million splint baskets a year, and at that time the population of Denmark was about 4 million. It was not handicraft, but a blind alley in the industrial evolution. It is therefore an amusing fact, that in Sweden you call a plastic bag kasse, which was the usual word to describe a splint basket. In my childhood I thought it was a dialect word from Örkened, but in fact its origin is Finnish. A plastic bag is just the carry tool which replaced the splint basket in this region of the world. Today a splint basket is more often used as an icon for something nice, old fashioned, ease & peace, peacefully gardening etc., than seen in the real world.
Next page: How to make a splint basket.
Of your strong and pliant branches," -or perhaps is the splitting of the cedar a new tradition? No one believes in Longfellow! Or maybe the splitting is hidden in the words: Down he hewed the boughs of Cedar
Shaped them strightway to a framework ... ?
This must bee a good long footnote!
2. In John Rice Irwin: Baskets and Basket Makers in Southern Appalachia p. 177, I found a remark about "my" basket. He calls it The factory-made "market" basket, and says (1982), "This basket is still in common use." But until now I have not managed to find any more US- literature about this kind of basket.
Next page:Splintbasket2 How to make a splint basket.
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